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   Geography and Environment - Land and Environment
Locationpdf print preview send to friend
African Map   

Ghana stands roughly midway along the coast of the West African sub-region where it shares borders with Cote d'Ivoire (west), Togo (east), Burkina Faso (north) and the Gulf of Guinea (south). The country lies between longitude 30 151 W and 10 121 E, and latitude 40 441 and 110 151 N. The Greenwich Meridian passes through Ghana precisely through the port town of Tema. The country therefore adopts the Greenwich Meridian Time (GMT).

Territorial Size

The total land area of Ghana is 238,533km2 with an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) of an extra 110,000km2 of the sea, which forms the territorial area of Ghana. It has a coastline of 550 km2 which stretches from Aflao on the eastern border with Togo and from Elubo on the Western border with Cote d Ivoire.

 
Relief and Drainagepdf print preview send to friend
Ghana Map  

Most parts of the country can be described as low plains not exceeding 300 metres above sea level. The forest-dissected plateau in the South Central portion has a varying elevation between 240m and 300m. The ridges, escarpments and plateau immediately bordering the Volta are of much higher elevation, between 450m and 900m. The highest mountain peak Mt. Afadjato, is 872m near the Ghana-Togo border.

The major river is the Volta whose basin covers about 165,830km2, representing roughly two-thirds of the land area of the country. Together with others including the Tano, Ankobra and the Pra, these rivers drain the major areas of the country. The Volta Lake created through the damming of the river at Akosombo, about 100km from its estuary has a total surface area of 8,500 km2 and a shoreline of about 4,800km. The Lake is noted to be the largest man-made lake in the World. The eastern coastline is characterized by a maze of lagoons, marshlands and swamps, creeks and the Volta delta. Keta and Songhor lagoons are the most prominent. Elsewhere the coastline is either sandy or rocky.

 
Biophysical Environmentpdf print preview send to friend

Climate, Vegetation, and Soils

The climate of Ghana which includes rainfall, temperature, humidity etc and vegetation and soils is best described and understood within the framework of Agro-Ecological Zones (AEZs).  The two major agro-ecological zones are the tropical rainforest and savanna grassland.

 
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Natural Resources and Economic Gegraphypdf print preview send to friend
Pineapple Plantation  

The economy of Ghana is largely based on agricultural production on which more than 80% of the population depends for their livelihood. It also accounts for about 35% of GDP among the economic sectors. The principal natural resources from which the country derives its foreign exchange have however remained unchanged over the years, with cocoa (beans and products), timber and timber products, and minerals still the major items (Table 5).

 
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Trade, Trasport and Communicationpdf print preview send to friend

Trade is promoted through the natural resources.  The future of Ghana’s trade and payments position is very much linked to the performance of its exports, as most of its imports are essential products that cannot be easily done away with.

The value (f.o.b.) of exports from Ghana increased from US$2,091 million in 1998 to US$2,099.43 million in 1999.   Despite the general feeling of decline in non-oil imports, the value of imports increased from US$2,897 million in 1998 to US$3,228.2 million in 1999.

The provision of transport infrastructure is entirely the responsibility of the public sector.  In the 1990’s, government attached the highest priority to the rehabilitation and maintenance of all modes of transport infrastructure in order to lengthen their useful lives.  As a result, all allocations to the transport and communication sectors development budget averaged over 33% of the total development expenditure in the 1990’s.

The number of telecommunication service providers increased to 56 in 1999 and at the same time the number of telephone lines increased from 178,594 in 1998 to 259,958 in 1999, or 44.7%.  The number of pay phones increased from 3,800 in 1998 to about 5,000 in 1999, an increase of about 31%.  Ghana Telecom dominates the telecommunication services with over 73% of the telephones lines in the country.

The increased number of telephones has facilitated interest connectively.  By the end of 1999 it was estimated that there were about 10,000 Internet subscribers in Ghana with 90% of the based in the Greater Accra Region.

 
Political and Administrative Regionspdf print preview send to friend
Regional Map

Ghana is divided into ten administrative regions, with Accra as the capital city. There are a total of 110 districts (Table 7).


 
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    News & Events  
07/10/2016
HOMOFEST 2016 EXHIBITION OPENS
The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
 
16/09/2016
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
 
10/08/2016
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
 
08/08/2016
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
 
07/06/2016
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
 
12/04/2016
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
 
08/03/2016
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
 
29/02/2016
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
 
06/11/2015
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
 
08/10/2015
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
 
29/09/2015
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
 
25/09/2015
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
 
07/09/2015
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
 
21/08/2015
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
 
18/08/2015
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
 
14/08/2015
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
 
21/07/2015
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
 
14/07/2015
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
 
13/07/2015
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
 
09/07/2015
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
 
06/07/2015
GHANA'S TOURISM, CULTURE AND CREATIVE ARTS' MINISTER IS WEST AFRICA'S 'TOURISM PERSON' FOR 2015
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
 
02/07/2015
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
 
26/06/2015
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
 
22/06/2015
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
 
16/06/2015
GHANA TO HOST UNWTO BRANDING AFRICA CONFERENCE 2015
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
 
26/05/2015
RELIGION AND CHIEFTAINCY: THE CASE OF AKAN CHIEFTAINCY
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
 
18/05/2015
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
 
11/05/2015
WHERE GHANAIANS ORIGINATED FROM
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
 
21/04/2015
THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURE ON HUMAN BEHAVIOR
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
 
15/04/2015
GHANAIAN CUISINE
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
 
08/04/2015
GHANAIAN CULTURE AND HEALTH CARE
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
 
18/03/2015
FASHION AS A WAY OF CULTURE IN GHANA TODAY
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
 
11/03/2015
THE SPIRIT OF TABOOS
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
 
09/03/2015
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
 
05/03/2015
CHIEFTAINCY AND POLITICS IN GHANA
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
 
24/10/2014
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
 
25/10/2007
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
 
12/10/2007
DR SUSAN DE-GRAFT JOHNSON – FIRST GOLD COAST FEMALE DOCTOR
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more
 
 
   
 
 

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