The region stretches from the shores of the Atlantic Ocean in the south up to the Southern fringes of the arid north. It has 3 marked climatic and vegetation zones:
(i) Mangrove swamps and adjoining arid coastal plains.
(ii) The open, moist semi – deciduous forest zone and,
(iii) The Northern Savannah.
The main economic activities include the following:
(a) Farming: In the South, some of the main crops are sugar cane and vegetables such as shallots, okro and tomatoes. Coconut is also cultivated along the coastline.
In the central part, all kinds of foodstuffs are cultivated. These include maize, cassava, yam, groundnut, beans, cocoyam, oil palm, cocoa, coffee, rice and sugarcane. A wide range of fruits, (oranges, pineapples rear etc.) In the North, the main crops are yam, cassava, maize, millet, beans and groundnuts.
(b) Fishing: Fishing is very popular along the coast. Main catches from the sea include sardines, anchovies, herrings, horse – mackerel and lobsters, from the Lagoon come fishes like the tilapia, mudfish, crabs and shrimps.
The Volta Lake that occupies the central and northern parts is very rich in a variety of fresh water fishes such as tilapia, claries, mudfish and catfish.
(c) Animal Rearing: Cattle, sheep and goats are reared all over the Savannah areas running from the south to the north. Poultry is kept in most rural areas.
(d) Petty Commerce: This ranges from “table top shops” to hawking of several articles of trade.
(e) Ethnic Diversity: Variants of all major languages spoken in Ghana can be found in the Volta Region. The main ethnic groups in this region are the Ewes who occupy the Southern Section (low land areas), the Akans in the northern sections and a number of Guan Speaking groups such as Likpe, Nyagbo, Tafi, Logba, Santrofi, etc. The Guans are supported to be the original dwellers of the land while the Akans Migrated from the Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Western, Central and Eastern Regions.
The Ewes migrated from Notsie in present day Republic of Togo Centuries ago. All these ethnic groups live within the Volta Region, demonstrating unity in diversity.
It is estimated that about 5% of all tourists visiting Ghana visit the Volta Region. The
main areas visited are Wli Waterfalls, Tafi, Liati Wote, Kpetoe Kente village, Villa
Cisneros at Sogakope, Adaklu Delekpe, Dr. Naomesi’s Herbal treatment Centre in
Hohoe, among others.