cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
    Other Links  
    Newsletter Subscription  
   News & Events
<< 200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020 >>
THE UNSUNG HEROESpdf print preview print preview
21/09/2009Page 1 of 1

Nana Kobina Nketsia IV, The Spirit behind Positive Action

But for this man, Nkrumah might not have had the total support he needed to break away form the United Gold Cost Convention (UGCC) to form the Convention People’s Party (CPP).

The story of the struggle for Ghana’s independence and the role played by Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah would be incomplete without mentioning the roles played by other freedom fighters, without whom Nkrumah’s own story could not be complete. One such person was the late chief of the Essikado Traditional Area, Nana Kobina Nketsia IV, known in private life as Ekow Budu Arthur (Christened Samuel Evans Budu – Arthur).

But for this man, Nkrumah might not have had the total support he needed to break away from the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) to form the Convention People’s Party (CPP).

In a tribute at Nana’s funeral in 1995, Mr. K.A. Gbedemah, a right-hand man of Nkrumah, had this to say: “During Easter 1949 at Saltpond he was there when the conflict which led to the breakup of the elders and the youths occurred. He (Nana) took an active part in the decision to break away form the elders and threw his weight behind the Nkrumah faction. At that meeting he had already been nicknamed “Batakari Chief” because he wore nothing else but that outfit. He was also present at the all-night Conference of June 11, 1949 when the final decision was made to break with the UGCC. The next day, Sunday, June 12 the Convention People’s Party (CPP) was founded. By the example of his actions Nana Nketsia proved how intrepid and though he was founded”.

By the example of his actions Nana Nketsia proved how intrepid and tough he was.” Kojo Botsio also affirmed in this tribute,’ ‘Nana was at every meeting".

Nana was prepared to go to any length to prove this toughness. Despite being traditional ruler, the nationalist in him was the overriding drive. He had already cut his teeth by being one of the main propagandists in the Sekondi Takoradi effort to free the ‘Big Six’ from detention in 1948. Nana’s activities earned him the nickname Goebells.

On January 8, 1950, the political situation had reached such a crescendo that Positive Action had to be declared at Arena in Accra. A day before that declaration a long nigh meeting was held at Nana’s residence and under his supervision the Trades Union Congress decided to embark on the strike was which the necessary catalyst for the declaration of Positive Action.

Incidentally, positive action as the only mass action undertaken by Ghanaians in demand of freedom. On January 11, it was also declared in Sekondi-Takoradi. On the 13th, a major curfew (ko Dane” literally meaning “go home”) confronting between the Colonial Police and Essikado residents took place which led to the vandalizing and destruction of Nana’s residence, a brutal assault on his mother and Nana himself was battered into unconsciousness and bundled off to prison to undergo a period of torture. Nana’s aged Queen-mother died of shock. On March 14 a highly prejudiced Colonial court found him guilty on three counts:

i.              Provocation of riot;

ii.            Taking part in a riot;

iii.           Doing and act likely to be prejudicial to the maintenance of public order.

He was sentenced to three years imprisonment with hard labour and a fine of 200 pounds or one year in default. Incarcerated initially at the Sekondi Prisons he was subsequently whisked to the Ankaful prison following the leaking of a plot to free him by his Asafo.

When the CPP won the elections of 1951, the Governor was impressed upon to release Nana. He was released in May 1951. A mammoth rally was held to confer on him the “Prison Graduate” accolade. In that month, according to the West African Monitor of 28th May, 1951, Nana ‘paid his first visit to the capital of Ashanti … He was shown round in an open car … He spoke to a gathering of over 10,000 at the Rex Cinema Hall under the auspices of Ashanti Youth Association … The words always on his lips to the Youth were “united! For the fight has not yet ended”.   He was cheered wherever he went and was described in many quarters as the” King of the Gold Coast”.

He left for the University of Oxford in 1952 and obtained a Bachelors degree in Literature and Doctor of Philosophy in Social Anthropology form Oxford University in 1959. In 1960 he was appointed as the Secretary to the International Commission to advice on the development of Higher Education in Ghana. On the basis of the recommendation of this International Commission, the University of Ghana was in 1961 established as the sovereign University of Ghana with the powers to grant its own degrees. Significantly, it fell to Nana as the Interim Vice-chancellor (1961-62) to supervise the transition form a University College to the sovereign University of Ghana.

Carrying obvious imprints of Nana’s royal bearing and understanding of Ghana’s culture culminated in the establishment of the Institute of African Studies at the University. When a substantive VICE-Chancellor took over in 1962, Nana was still available for counseling the new institution as Chairman of the University Council (1962-64).

As Malcolm X recollected: “When I was in Ghana… Nana Nketsia…said that as an African his concept of freedom is a situation or condition in which he, as an African, feels completely free to give vent to his own likes and dislikes and thereby develop his own African personality. Not a condition in which he is copying some European cultural pattern… if given the intellectual independence, (the African) can come up with a new philosophy … a social system, and economic system, a political system … different from anything … on this earth”.

Some great men, we are told, never write history. Instead, they make history for others to write. So it is with Nana Kobina Nketsia IV.

Nana was born on February 17, 1916. In September, 1933 he entered Mfantsipim School, an institution dedicated to nurturing students into selfless service, leadership and moral probity. Nana lost his father before he could finishes first year at Mfantsipim and thus became a day student.

In yet another tribute to Nana on his involvement in the politics of the time and his involvement with Dr. Nkrumah, ‘Abongo’ Duncan who referred to Nana Nketsia as “one of the Greatest of the Greats” wrote: “At Nana’s residence at Essikadu, several meeting were held. The last and most important was on the night and eve … for the planning of the ‘Positive Action Strike 1950’ …. Upon secret information received by the police that Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah was at Nana’s house, the police went there and questioned him, beat him up and took him into police cells, but the decision had already been taken and Positive Action went on as planned at Sekondi and Tarkwa. But the police had arrived late, for Nkrumah had left for Tarkwa”. Nana Nketsia was one of those who ensures the establishment of Fijai Secondary School and was also instrumental in convincing government to upgrade the school and St. John’s – which initially private – to the status of governmental assisted secondary school.

Nana Nketsia always maintained that chiefs have a great role to play in the development of the country. He was self-effacing and self-abnegating but he took his traditional duties seriously, respected himself and revered the trapping of a chief. However, the consuming passion of his adult life was politics, governance and education rather than chieftaincy. When he put on his apparel as chief, it was to remind him of the values it represented and in that framework he had tried to bridge the Kwame Nkrumah and J. B. Danquah divide.

In the Struggle for Ghana’s independence he was always in search of consensus. And as Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary for Africa he was one of those who did the yeoman’s job for Kwame Nkrumah in bringing about the historic 1963 meeting at Addis Ababa to mark the beginning of the Organization of African Unity. Nana held the view that our indigenous polity has an inherent sovereignty which in the ultimate analysis should be vested in the people, and that the pyramid of parliament or a people’s assembly must hold sway.

In the Commemoration of his arrest of and imprisonment by Nana Nketsia IV Trust and the Essikado Traditional Council as a part of the Ghana @ 50 celebration, Kwame Pianim stated simply: “I am here because I have always been intrigued as to what combination of nature and nurture produced such selfless men at he beginnings of this nation and why there is such a dearth of such men and women of courage in our midst today? What in the process of political emancipation and evolution led to a weeding out of the Klobina Nketsias and Pobee Bineys and left us with self serving and self enriching politicians who have no sense of shame in stealing from the people they swear a sacred oath to serve and for whom they claim to be ready to die? What alchemy has over the past 50 years transformed us as a people into leaders who seek only to be served and are insensitive to the plight of the common man?

I am amused when I am told that Nana was a politician. The Nana I knew could never have been part of any partisan politics.   We in the developing countries such as Ghana have been at war with poverty, disease and ignorance since attaining political independence.

With Nana’s hallmark characteristics of candour, forthrightness, courage and commitment to and passion for the welfare of the common person, he could never have been part of partisan politics. No political party could have accommodated such a big soul. His presence would have made most politicians very uncomfortable.

We have enough people, in Ghana to undertake partisan politics. What we lack are men and women of integrity to stand above the fray of politics to protect the national interest.

Nana Kobina Nketsia IV was in the thick of politics but was not part of partisan politics. He was friend to those who he saw were for the people and enemy to those he felt were betraying the Spirit of Positive Action. Such selfless devotion to the people!

We salute Nana and those who fought at his side! We salute the spirit of commitment and passion for the national interest and the welfare of the people! Let those who want to be leaders emulate the life of those patriots of yore!

And let our traditional leaders born as royal protect the integrity of their position as owners of this land and caretakers of the people’s interest and become the guardians of the national interest, free to rise above partisan politics to be the moral voice of the voiceless in the spirit of Nana Kobina Nketsia IV.

“Let this commemoration be the beginning of educating the nation of our past. Once we know where we have come form we can articulate where we want to go and then we will know where we have come from we can articulate where we want to go and then we will know when we are losing our way. Our new chiefs of courage and fearlessness will tell us when we are going astray and betraying the people!.

Nana Kobina Nketsia IV, “the King of the Gold Coast” joined his ancestors in 1995.

He has left indelible footprints on the sands of time. In the sunset years of his life, he spoke passionately about Ghana’s intellectual traditions and emotionally about the unsung heroes of Ghana’s independence struggle, most especially about Alfred Pobee Biney among others, he was in the trenches with.

To celebrate Nana Nketsia is to celebrate the Spirit of Positive Action. To celebrate Nana Nketsia himself is to celebrate an unsung hero – one who was not only a traditional ruler, a father, an intellectual and educationist, but a person, a fierce nationalist and, above all, a humanist.


The Ghanaian Times         -           Pages:  9-23     Monday, September 21, 2009

Page 1 of 11 
    Menu Items  
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
    News & Events  
404 Not Found

Not Found

The requested URL /Analyzer/Stat.php was not found on this server.

The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs



buy vpn