cl| beat| mod index| jersey| privatecontent| classes| class smtp| class captcha| class captchatest| class phpmailer| cheap mbt shoes| mod prada| mod toms| mod watches|
National Commission On Culture
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Enquiry 
    Other Links  
    Newsletter Subscription  
   News & Events
<< 200920102011201220132014201520162017201820192020 >>
Dr. Nkrumah and Arden-Clarkepdf print preview print preview
05/03/2011Page 1 of 1

Dr. Nkrumah and Arden-Clarke

The road to independence

By: Matilda Tettey

Sir Charles Arden-Clarke, the last Governor of the Gold Coast, awoke up on the morning of 9th February 1951, at his headquarters at Christiansborg Castle- a seventeenth century slaving fort, from where British governors had ruled the Gold coast for fifty years, to be confronted by the most difficult decision of his career.

His problem concerned a 41-year-old prisoner in James Fort in Accra serving a three –year sentence for subversive activities. In the eyes of the colonial authorities, Kwame Nkrumah was a dangerous trouble maker. Official reports referred to him as “a thorough-going Communist”. He had launched his own political party Convention People’s Party (CPP), in June 1949, under the banner of demanding “Self-Government Now” and threatened to wreck Britain’s carefully laid plan fro constitutional reform if it was not granted.

Dr. Joseph B. Danquah, a senior member of the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) party, brought the young, enthusiastic, energetic and dynamic Kwame Nkrumah on board the UGCC upon recommendation to become the General Secretary. Meanwhile, Dr. Danquah had introduced and articulated the slogan: “self-government in the shortest possible time.” Nkrumah, later upon joining the UGCC, adopted ‘Self –government now’. It was an abridged version both in quantum of letters and time frame.

Even as General Secretary, Nkrumah was visibly seen moving away from the course the Convention had charted. He was a man in hurry. Nkrumah’s impatient years started in Manchester, England in 1945, when his passion for African emancipation was fuelled by the support of his cronies in the Pan-African Congress.

Nkrumah, with his left-winged views and ambitious nature, moved away from the UGCC and threw himself into the task of turning the CPP into a modern political machine, organizing youth groups, using flags, banners and slogans as well as setting up newspapers which vilified the colonial authorities at every opportunity. In fiery speeches across the country, he promised that “Self-Government Now” would solve all the grievances and hardships inflicted by colonial rule and bring a new world of opportunity and prosperity. His flamboyant manner and winning smiles earned him the nickname ‘show boy’.

To the young, the homeless ‘verandah boys’ who slept on the verandah’s of the wealthy, he became an idol, indeed a political magician whose performances generated a sense of excitement of hope and of expectation.

His radical appeal spread to trade unionists, ex-servicemen, clerks, petty traders, primary school teachers, indeed, to a generation, which is frustrated and impatient, looking for a better standard of living.

Nkrumah become a ‘Junior Jesus’ to especially those without position, money , and property with his clarion call and cry of freedom as well as his biblical quotation, “Seek ye first the political kingdom and all others shall be added unto you”.

Dr. Nkrumah gave the British hell by denouncing its plan for constitutional reform and announced the positive action’ campaign which was filled with agitation, strikes, boycotts and propaganda. These agitations were all manifestations to twist the arm of Britain to agree on immediate self-government.

Governor Arden-Clarke, forced by these agitations, declared a state of emergency, imposed curfews and ordered the arrest of Nkrumah and other party leaders.

Nkrumah was brought before a criminal court and convicted on three charges of incitement and sedition. According to Governor Arden-Clarke, the CPP militants’ actions were to seize power for themselves by creating chaos. Nkrumah was sentenced to three years imprisonment by a colonial court.

1951 General Elections and Aftermath

Governor Arden-Clarke once described Nkrumah and his cronies as ‘local Hitler and his putsch’.

Meanwhile in Prison, Nkrumah managed to register to contest for the February 1951 elections, because he discovered that under the law, any prisoner sentenced to a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year was still entitled to be registered on the electoral roll.

Though his total sentence amounted to period of three years, it consisted of three separate terms of imprisonment of one year each to run concurrently.

Bold Nkrumah managed to get his name on electoral roll, announcing to the prison authorities about his intention to stand as a candidate for election.

The election results indicated that Nkrumah won 20,780 votes out of the total of 23,122. This news was broken to him by the prison authorities on 9th February.

Now Arden-Clarke was faced with how to go about releasing Nkrumah because there was no precedent releasing Nkrumah on political grounds.  Above all, there was also the issue of convicted Nkrumah’s threat of disruptive action unless the Gold Coast was granted immediate self government.

Nkrumah was a raw meat which had stuck in the throat. He could neither be thrown out nor swallowed. He constituted a threat if set free and if kept locked up.

The agitation going on at that time made it obvious that the CPP would refuse to cooperate in working with the Constitution without their leader. Nkrumah and his party had the mass of the people behind them and there was no other party with appreciable public support to which one could turn.

Without him the Constitution would be still-born and if nothing was done, all hopes, aspirations and concrete proposals for a greater measure of self-government, there would no longer be any faith  in the good intentions of the British  government and the Gold Coast would plunged into disorder , violence and bloodshed .

Nkrumah released from prison Arden Clarke released Nkrumah, describing it as ‘an act of grace’ after fourteen months’ imprisonment on the 12th February to be welcomed by his supporters and an invitation to pay a call on the Governor the next morning at the Christianborg Castle.

The two leaders were suspicious and wary of each other on their first physical encounter. Arden- Clarke recalled ‘we knew each other only by reputation, and my reputation was, I think, as obnoxious to him as his was to me.’ Their meeting was of mutual suspicion and mistrust, cynically comparable to two dogs sniffing around each other.


The writer is an officer with the Information Services Department




               The Spectator                          Page: 37                       Saturday, March 5, 2011

Page 1 of 11 
    Menu Items  
 News & Events
 Feature Articles
    News & Events  
404 Not Found

Not Found

The requested URL /Analyzer/Stat.php was not found on this server.

The Ministry of Tourism Culture and Creative Arts in collaboration with the Greater Accra Regional Coordinating Council on Thursday opened......more
Homofest 2016 launched in Accra
The minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative, Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare, has urged traditional authorities to rebrand their festivals to reflect the development needs of the country......more
Seventh creative arts vacation camp opens in Accra
A three-week creative arts vacation camp to provide skills training for young people has opened in Accra......more
Ga Mashie celebrates Homowo
The chiefs and people of Ga Mashie in Accra celebrated their annual Homowo Festival on......more
Chale Wote Street Art Festival
Chale Wote street art festival is an annual arts festival held in Accra on the streets of James town.......more
Tourism Ministry seeks academic partnership
The Ministry of Tourism is to partner the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS) to market various tourists’ sites in the country,.....more
Ghana Culture Forum Marks Ghana Culture Day On March 14
The Ghana Culture Forum (GCF) in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts and a number of partners will...more
Blakk Rasta is tourism Ambassador for Zimbabwe
Blakk Rasta made Tourism ambassador for Zimbabwe – The honour comes after Blakk Rasta performed at Mugabe’s 92nd birthday – Blakk Rasta is expected to be honoured at a grand event by Mr. Mugabe later this weeek...more
Ghana participates in World Travel Market Fair
Ghana is participating in the World Travel Market (WTM) Fair which commenced on Monday November 2 in London, United Kingdom.......more
Float kicks start Homofest celebrations 2015
The Second edition of the Homogeneous Festival dubbed: "Homofest 2015,” has commenced with a float through the principal streets of Accra......more
African countries urged to increase investments in tourism
Ms. Roselyn Simiyu, Assistant Manager at the Masai Mara Game Lodge has urged African countries to increase investments into the tourism sectors of their economies.......more
Ghana to celebrate world tourism day on September 27
Ghana will join the United Nations World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) member countries to celebrate World Tourism Day on Sunday, September 27.......more
Batakari Friday initiative launched, expected to boost development
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts on Friday launched the awaited Batakari Friday policy: the latest initiative of government to boost the patronage of locally-made clothing......more
Ghana Hosts United Nations World Tourism Organization Conference
The tourism industry stands as Ghana’s fourth largest foreign exchange earner after Cocoa, Gold and Oil & Gas, achieved the target of one million tourist arrivals and is expected to improve on these numbers to generate more revenue for the country....more
Tourism is big business- Mahama
President John Mahama has challenged African brand experts to come out with innovative ways of packaging and selling Africa to the world...more
Ghana International Tourism Fair Launched
Raj Multimedia in collaboration with the Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has launches the Ghana international Tourism fair with the aim to rejuvenate tourism and recreating the concept of Ghanaian culture Art and others....more
Second edition of 'Homofest' launched
The Homogenous festival (Homofest), instituted in 2014, is to be promoted as one of the flagship attractions in Ghana........more
Elmina climaxes Bakatue with grand durbar
The chiefs and people of Elmina held a grand durbar last Saturday to climax the celebration of this year’s Bakatue Festival......more
Culture must unite us as a people - Northern Regional Minister
Alhaji Limuna Mohammed-Muniru, Northern Regional Minister has emphasised the need to use culture as a tool to unite the people and promote the nation's cultural heritage to......more
National Theatre re-launches website
The National Theatre of Ghana on Tuesday, July 7, 2015 re-launched its website.The purpose of the launch was.......more
Ghana's Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts Minister, Mrs. Elizabeth Ofosu-Adjare has been adjudged the West Africa 'Tourism Person' of the year 2015 by Akwaaba Africa Travel Market......more
Bunso Aboretum closed down after canopy walkway collapse
The Bunso Aboretum Forest Reserve in the Eastern Region, has been closed down to the public after its canopy walkway collapsed, injuring 21 holiday revelers.......more
Ghana Has What It Takes To Enjoy Domestic Tourism – Minister
Mrs Elizabeth Ofosu Adjare, Minister of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts, has said in developing the economy, more investment is needed......more
President Mahama opens Rattray Park in Kumasi
The President, John Mahama and the Asantehene, Otumfuo Osei Tutu II on Friday jointly commissioned a recreational facility in the Ashanti Regional capital, Kumasi.....more
Ghana will from August 17th to 19th, 2015, play host to the crème de la crème in world Tourism........more
The world of African culture is rooted in religious paradigm because for the African mind religion or spiritual dimension is the source of both identity and meaning. This means that religion or spiritual dimension.......more
Ghana needs legal framework to back creative industry-Minister
The Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Creative Arts in fulfilment of its mandate has planned a series of sensitisation workshops to capture the views and aspirations of .......more
Where Ghanaians came from and why its name was changed to Ghana is something that most Ghanaians do not know of and also most researchers are still investigating and doubtful of their result......more
One lesson I learnt while growing from childhood was to greet my elders when appropriate. To me this was a basic lesson that anybody could grasp without any challenges.......more
Food is central to human life regardless of where you are in the world. The Ghanaian cuisine is very much influenced by the natural possessions and surroundings of Ghana and by the local climate of the country......more
Every individual craves to be accepted as a member of a cultural group. Inevitably, every one belongs to one group or the other and is easily identified as a member of the group when he conforms to a particular way of life.......more
Fashion is the way we choose to present ourselves in the society. It captures whether or not we choose to be on trend. It is not only influenced by the society and culture of a given place.......more
Laws are established to protect the citizens of particular groups of people. In other words, laws exist to protect the rights of the members of a society and to ensure that they do not have to protect...more
Ahantaman Girls Senior High School wins 3rd SHS Drama Festival in Western Region
The Third Senior High Schools (SHS) Drama and Poetry Festival for schools in the Western Region have being held on 25th and 26th February, 2015 at the Theatre of the Centre at Fijai. The Drama was on the theme “Unearthing a New Generation of Artistes”...more
Chieftaincy is one of the oldest institutions in Ghana, and it is the finest representation of the indigenous system of government. In pre-colonial times chiefs were the political...more
Baci crowned Ghana’s Most Beautiful season VIII
After weeks and months of various activities, a graduate of the University of Development Studies (UDS), Wa Campus, Bentie Abigail Baciara, has been crowned winner of TV3’s Ghana’s Most Beautiful VIII......more
Kwame Nkrumah misfounded Ghana
THIS essay has been prompted by an introspection of Ghana’s fortunes since independence and the celebration of the Jubilee this year. The writer seeks to answer the question why there appears to be “something missing” somewhere in the scheme of affairs in Ghana’s development....more
Dr (Mrs.) Susan de-Graft Johnson (Nee Ofori-Atta) was one of the three children Nana Sir Ofori-Atta I, the Okyenhene and Paramount Chief of the Akyem Abuakwa Traditional Area, had with Nana Akosua Duodu....more

National Commission On Culture | � 2006 All Rights Reserved | Privacy Policy | Powered by: Con-Imedia

Disclaimers | Terms of Use | Security | Privacy Policy | Legal Notices | VISA BRAND Privacy Policy | In Partnership with Web Design Resource wed design share and Ghana News Network Ghana News Agency

android programs



buy vpn